Hybrid journals

Hybrid journals are subscription journals in which it is possible to publish individual open access articles against a publication fee. The journals are usually owned by large commercial science publishers, for example, Elsevier, Wiley, Springer Nature, Taylor & Francis and SAGE. Even though the journals have some open access articles, most of the content is subject to charge (i.e. requires subscription).

Most research financers do not recommend publishing in hybrid journals. It is clearly the most expensive way of open access publishing: the subscription fees are expensive and the journals collect article processing charges (APC). In addition, it has been shown that the article processing charges are more expensive for hybrid journals than for open access journals.

Research data on the article processing charges of hybrid journals.